News release - 15 October 2017


Pacifists refute claim that they are 'indoctrinating children' with white poppies


British pacifists have rejected claims in today's Sunday Telegraph that they are “indoctrinating” children by promoting white poppies in schools. The Peace Pledge Union (PPU) said that the claim – by ex-colonel and right-wing commentator Richard Kemp – was absurd and bore no relation to the facts.

The PPU explained that they want young people to hear a range of different views about war and peace and to make up their own minds about ethical and political issues as they grow up.

The organisation also pointed out that the vast majority of schools that sell white poppies also sell red poppies, thus giving young people a choice and helping them to make their own decisions about the issues involved.

The PPU added that the accusation was particularly ironic at a time when armed forces' visits to schools are on the rise. They suggested that young people who hear a biased perspective are far more likely to hear a pro-military view than a pacifist one.

White poppies represent remembrance for all victims of all wars, a commitment to peace and a rejection of attempts to glorify war. In contrast, the Royal British Legion, who produce red poppies, insist that remembrance should be about only members of British and allied armed forces.

Richard Kemp is quoted in today's Sunday Telegraph as saying that children should hear different views but that teachers should not “indoctrinate” them. In response, the PPU points out that no teacher is indoctrinating children with pacifism. Rather, the PPU's teaching materials and white poppies allow young people to hear different views, something Richard Kemp claims to support.

The PPU makes no objection to both types of poppies being sold together, whereas the Royal British Legion object to white poppies being sold alongside red poppies.

Responding to the Sunday Telegraph story, the PPU also said that it is inaccurate to suggest that the National Union of Teachers has endorsed the PPU's position, although the PPU is pleased to count a number of NUT members among its supporters.

Symon Hill, Co-ordinator of the Peace Pledge Union, said:

“It is bitterly ironic that pacifists should be accused of indoctrinating children at a time when military visits to schools are on the rise and the number of cadet forces in state schools has more than doubled in four years. Far from indoctrinating children we are doing the exact opposite: challenging a one-sided pro-military message and seeking to ensure that young people hear different sides of an argument.

“Richard Kemp defends red poppies on the grounds that they are 'institutions of the state'. This is a worryingly authoritarian phrase. Both red and white poppies are political, representing different values.

“Schools that sell both white and red poppies are helping young people to think through their values and form their own judgements. This is what education should be about.”


Notes to editors

1. The Peace Pledge Union (PPU) is a UK-based pacifist network. PPU
members pledge not to support war and to work instead for the removal of
the causes of war. The PPU's work includes challenging militarism,
promoting active nonviolence, providing educational resources on peace,
maintaining records on conscientious objection and encouraging remembrance
for all victims of war. The PPU is also known for its distribution of
white poppies in the run-up to Remembrance Day. Founded in 1934, the PPU
is the oldest secular pacifist organisation in the UK. See
and @PPUtoday.

2. White poppies represent remembrance for all victims of war, a rejection
of militarism and a commitment to peace. They were founded by the Women's
Co-operative Guild in 1933 and are now distributed by the Peace Pledge
Union (PPU).

3. The White Poppies for Schools pack is produced jointly by the PPU and
Forces Watch. It includes 100 white poppies alongside materials explaining
their meaning and making suggestions to teachers. Virtually all schools
that provide white poppies also provide red poppies.

4. The PPU has sold around 100,000 white poppies each year in the last
three years, with the record being set at 110,000 in 2015.

5. Much of the money raised by white poppies goes towards producing,
distributing and publicising them. Any more raised about this goes towards
the PPU's education and campaigning work, promoting nonviolent approaches
to conflict and challenging militarism.

6. More information about white poppies can be found at and This includes a two-minute online film about white
poppies, which will go online on Monday 16 October.

7. For more information please contact Symon Hill on 020 7424 9444 or at