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At the end of the war Lloyd George promised that there would be ‘a land fit for heroes’. There was also a desire to rid Britain of the slums that had so long blighted people's lives. By 1920, hopes for a better future had evaporated as the country was plunged into industrial and social unrest, resulting, in part, from a variety of grievances of returning soldiers, who saw no reward for their grim time in the trenches. Mass unemployment further aggravated industrial relations and would last almost two decades.

In the absence of a welfare state some, though totally inadequate, relief was grudgingly given. The wages of all family members, and any household assets, were taken into account when deciding whether or not relief should be paid. This meant that in some cases redundant men were dependant on their daughters or wives, a situation that did not fit in with the values of the time.

By 1939 came rearmament, full employment and war.

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