'If I had known I would have been a watchmaker' Albert Einstein 

Mordechai Vanunu
kidnapped, drugged and imprisoned for treason, for revealing that Israel had nuclear weapons.

Abdul Qadeer Khan
charged with espionage in the Netherlands, sold nuclear secrets to Iran and Libya for private gain but revered by his country, Pakistan.

Mordechai Vanunu was a technician at Dimona, Israel's nuclear installation, from 1976 to 1985.  He discovered that the plant was secretly producing nuclear weapons.  His conscience made him speak out and in 1986 he provided the London Sunday Times with the facts and photos they used to tell the world about Israel's nuclear weapons programme.  His evidence showed that Israel had stockpiled up to 200 nuclear warheads, with no debate or authorisation from its own citizens. 

On 30th September 1986, Mordechai was lured from London to Rome. There he was kidnapped, drugged and shipped to Israel. After a secret trial he was sentenced to 18 years for 'treason' and 'espionage' though he had received no payment and communicated with no foreign power.  He was held in complete isolation for 11 years, only allowed occasional visits from his family, lawyer and a priest, conducted through a metal screen.

Mordechai was finally released on 20 April 2004, when he said, 'To all those who call me traitor, I say that I am proud and happy to have done what I did. I am glad that I succeeded. All the secrets were published and are in the hands of the whole world. I am now ready to start my life.'

Israel continues to deny it has nuclear weapons.....

Abdul Qadeer Khan, who has confessed to transferring nuclear technology to Iran and Libya, is regarded as a national hero for helping Pakistan become a nuclear state.

Dr Khan played the key role in developing Pakistan's nuclear military capability, which culminated in successful tests in May 1998.

Coming shortly after similar tests by India, Dr Khan's work helped seal Pakistan's place as the world's seventh nuclear power and sparked national jubilation.

In March 2001 he was promoted to the inner circle of the country's military leadership as special science and technology adviser to President Pervez Musharraf.

He was unceremoniously sacked from this position in January 2004 as his role in the illegal trafficking of nuclear technology was 'revealed'.

The revelations that he has passed on nuclear secrets to other countries have shocked and 'traumatised' Pakistan.

"I am proud of my work for my country. It has given Pakistanis a sense of pride, security and has been a great scientific achievement."

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